The source of the Sorgue at Fontaine de Vaucluse is the first outbreak in France by its flow of elapsed water. The Sorgometer placed in the abyss, measures the water level.
Located in the heart of the Monts de Vaucluse and the Pays des Sorgues, the most beautiful river in the department, the Sorgue, takes its source in Fontaine-de-Vaucluse. It gushes at the foot of a steep 240 meter cliff, in the hollow of a closed valley, “Vallis Clausa” in Latin, which gave its name in 1793 to the department of Vaucluse.
The source itself, located 80 metres above sea level, is the 1st in France and one of the largest in the world, with a total flow of 630 million m³ per year.
The source of the Sorgue is the emergence of a huge underground network. The gushing waters come from the infiltration of rainwater and the melting of snow from the south of Mont Ventoux, the Monts de Vaucluse, the Albion Plateau and the Montagne de Lure which represent an “impluvium” of more than 1,240 km² and whose only result is the Fontaine-de-Vaucluse.
Fresh and peaceful spring in summer, bubbling and impetuous in spring/autumn, the Fountain, a true whim of nature does not cease to intrigue curious and researcher since ancient times.